Press Release

Simple tips to stay healthy during Ramzan.

Dr. Faiyaz Ali Maniyar,MD, MRCP (UK), Senior Consultant Physician, Primecare Hospital

With Eid just around the corner, millions of Muslims across the world are observing fast from dusk till dawn. While fasting during Ramzan has both physical and psychological benefits, devotees can easily fall sick if a healthy and nutritious diet is not followed.

Don’t skip ‘Suhour’ : Just like breakfast, ‘Suhour’ is considered the most important meal of the day during Ramzan. The pre-dawn meal is like a fuel that will keep your body working until Iftar. A well-balanced Suhour meal should consist of complex carbohydrates (wheat, oats, grains), high-fiber foods (cereals, dates, figs, bananas etc.), and protein-rich foods (eggs, cheese, meat).

Avoid fried and processed food : During Ramzan you should avoid eating fried and processed food as they are high in fat and low on the nutrient. Fried and processed food can trigger acid reflux, leaving you feeling nauseous. Further, you should cut down on the intake of sugar.

Keep your body hydrated : Since you can’t drink any beverages in the day, your body may get severely dehydrated during Ramzan. To prevent this, you should drink an adequate amount of fluid in the period between Iftar and Suhour. Apart from drinking at least 8-10 glasses of water, you can also eat fruits and vegetables that have high water content like cucumbers, watermelons, pumpkins etc. However, it’s recommended to avoid caffeinated drinks.

Don’t over exercise : Since your body tends to get dehydrated while fasting, you should try to avoid working out during Ramzan. Although you can do light workouts after fasting hours, while keeping your body well hydrated.

Keep your meal sizes in check : While it may be tempting to eat a lot at the time of Iftar meal, you should keep your meal size in check. Overeating will increase the risk of heart-related diseases and type-2 diabetes. Rather than eating in a large quantity, try to eat more soups, vegetables, and fruits.

How to prevent diarrhoea this summer ?

Dr Mohammed Yunus Kafil, Director Embrace, Consultant Paediatrician, Primecare Hospital, MBBS, DNB Paediatrics, PGPN Said India is under the grip of scorching summer heat with temperature making a new record daily. In this season, people often suffer from dehydration and diarrhoea. Below five years old children get affected the most.

What is Diarrhoea ? Diarrhoea is when your stools become loose or watery. The definition of diarrhoea is passing loose or watery stools three or more times in a day.

What is dehydration ? Dehydration occurs when you lose more fluid/ water than you take in and your body doesn’t have enough water to carry out its normal functions. If you don’t replace fluids, you will get dehydrated. Diarrhoea can cause dehydration, especially in young children and older people.

Who are at higher risk for dehydration ? Small children and old age people are at risk of becoming rapidly dehydrated. They require immediate medical attention.

What is the most common route of infection ? Infectious diarrhoea is most commonly spread by “Faeco oral route”. It gets spreaded by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with viruses or bacteria.

Is there any vaccination available to prevent diarrhoea ? Vaccination is available against rotavirus, which is the most common organism causing diarrhoea in young children below five years. The vaccine is given as three doses as part of the routine childhood immunisation schedule at six weeks, 10 weeks and 14 weeks of life.

What diet should be taken in Diarrhoea ? Food should be easily digestible and it should be taken in small quantities at shorter intervals. Breastfeeding to be continued in young infants. Cow’s milk/ regular formula milk is to be avoided if diarrhoea persists for more than one week. Low lactose formula/ Soya milk can be given in such cases. Easily available, culturally acceptable, palatable and energy dense foods can be offered. Example- Khichri with extra oil, mashed potatoes with oil, mashed banana, curd rice, bread and other cereals can be taken. Food with high fibre content like fruits and vegetables are avoided